Of all the different types of photographies, underwater photography is probably the most difficult and challenging to practice. Wonderful colors, unusual shapes and challenging conditions make it all the more interesting to try underwater photography. The common techniques used by professional photographers are swimming, scuba diving and snorkeling. Mostly aquatic life such as fishes and corals are the main subject of photography but shipwrecks, submerged cave system and landscapes also attract photographer’s attentions.
The peaceful beauty of underwater life is the perfect subject for photography. Underwater photography is challenging as it is very difficult to find and capture the deep blue sea on camera. Understanding the behavior of underwater life is the first step of underwater photography. Few important things like, how close to get to the school of fishes, the depth where coral reefs are found, reaction of underwater life to danger, all these and more form the basis for a code of conduct for underwater photography.
Challenges faced by Photographers during underwater photography
The biggest obstacle faced by underwater photographers is the absence of natural color and light when they in the deep waters. One can get ample amount of natural light while photographing on the surface but it keeps decreasing as you get deeper. At deep levels everything becomes colorless even to naked eyes. This is because the longer wavelengths of sunlight are absorbed by the surrounding water which makes everything appears blue-green in color to naked eyes.
However these problems can be solved by moving close to the subject, not by zooming in but manually moving close to the subject. Also using wide angle lens camera or macro lenses can help in reducing the horizontal loss of color. Another technique is to use flash which helps in restoring the color lost vertically through the water column. It is always recommended that the distance between the photographer and the subject should not exceed 3ft.
Selecting the Right camera for Underwater Photography
To get the right pictures it is necessary to get the right camera. There are many unique cameras available which are designed specially to suit the underwater environment. If you intend to improve your underwater photography then it is advisable to select a good quality water proof digital camera.
Compact camera and DSLR cameras are the two types of cameras which are highly recommended for underwater photography and are easily available in the market. Though both come with their own pros and cons, having any one of them will surely enhance your underwater photographic experiences.
The main point of difference between a compact camera and DSLR camera is that a DSLR allows you to use a variety of lenses with different focal lengths while a compact camera has one attached lens. On the contrary compact cameras are very light in weight and less complicates thus used more often by amateur photographer. Professional underwater photographers always go for DSLR cameras as it helps to capture high-quality photos.
Underwater Photography is an art which gives you a chance to experience something out of the ordinary. There is life brimming just under the surface and to capture it as a memory long after time has passed is something that is the fundamental why underwater photography has increased in practice.